Published on January 2020 | Electrochemistry, Electrochemical sensors, Environmental pollution, Nanotechnology, Analytical Chemistry

Ultrasound-assisted synthesis of 3D flower-like zinc oxide decorated fMWCNTs for sensitive detection of toxic environmental pollutant 4-nitrophenol
Authors: Deepak Balram, Kuang-Yow Lian, Neethu Sebastian
View Author: Dr. Deepak Balram
Journal Name: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Volume: 60 Issue: 0 Page No: 104798
Indexing: SCI/SCIE,SCOPUS,Web of Science

Sonochemical synthesis of functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (fMWCNTs) embellished 3D flower-like zinc oxide (ZnO) nanocomposite based novel electrochemical sensor for the detection of toxic environmental pollutant 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) is detailed in this paper. We have used laser-assisted synthesis technique in the development of 3D flower-like ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) and ultrasonication method was employed in preparation of ZnO NPs@fMWCNTs nanocomposite using a high-intensity ultrasonic bath DC200H with power of 200 W/cm2 and 40 KHz frequency. The nanocomposite was meticulously fabricated on screen printed carbon electrode (SPCE) to carry out various electrochemical analysis. Different characterizations such as Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, UV visible spectroscopy (UV–Vis), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) of the materials used in this work were taken. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) techniques are used in electrochemical investigations. We have observed well-defined oxidation and reduction peak currents representing electrochemical mechanism of 4-NP at very low potentials for ZnO NPs@fMWCNTs/SPCE. Furthermore, we were able to achieve efficient electrochemical determination of 4-NP using the developed sensor with a high sensitivity of 11.44 μA μM−1 cm−2 and very low detection limit (LOD) of 0.013 μM in a broad linear range of 0.06–100 μM. All the significant features of a good sensor including anti-interference, good stability, excellent repeatability, and reproducibility were exhibited by the sensor. Moreover, we have tested practical feasibility of sensor by carrying out real sample analysis on different water samples.

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