Published on January 2024 | Information and Communication Technology, E-learning, E-learning Readiness, E-Learning Readiness Models, Higher Education

Models of E-learning Readiness in Higher Education: A Systematic Review
Authors: Majid, Ishfaq ; Vijaya Lakshmi, Y.
View Author: Ishfaq Majid
Journal Name: Indian Journal of Educational Technology
Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Page No: 54-67
Indexing: Google Scholar

The models of E-learning Readiness (ELR) are basically designed to understand the process of obtaining the basic information necessary for measuring ELR among participants. They help organizations to identify the requirements for designing, developing and implementing E-learning. These models not only help the organizations to identify the degree of ELR but also to identify the factors or areas where the organization is weak. The present study reviews the models of E-learning Readiness (ELR) with the help of a small-scale literature review on Models of ELR. The purpose of the current study was to make an analysis of the existing ELR models in the literature. The researcher visited various online databases to collect studies. In addition to that, the researcher also did a manual search in the reference list of various studies in the related field for the addition of additional studies. By following an appropriate strategy, the researchers selected 07 ELR models for the current study. The current study reveals that Technology, Skills, Attitude, resources and human resources, Infrastructure, Flexibility, Support, Pedagogy, Management, Evaluation, Continual Improvement, Culture, Budgeting, Curriculum, Awareness, Law and Regulation, Content and Policy have been used on a larger scale for the development of the ELR models. Further, majority of reviewed studies have used various statistical techniques like regression analysis, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) for developing the models.

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