Published on September 2014 | Economics

Does military expenditure influence economic growth in Nigeria during 1989 - 2013? A bound testing approach
Authors: T. O. Apanisile, C. O. Okunlola
Journal Name: Romanian Journal of Fiscal Policy
Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Page No: 56-71

The study examines the effect of military expenditure on output in Nigeria both in the short-run and in the long-run period. In addition, it verified whether military expenditure is an economically non-contributive activity using ARDL bounds testing approach to co-integration. Results showed that military spending has negative and significant effect on output in the short-run but positive and significant effect in the long-run. Labour and capital have positive and significant effects both in the long-run and short-run. In addition, labour has the highest coefficient (3.0709) in the long-run. The study concludes that government should reduce its expenditure on defense and concentrate more on human capital development, since military spending contributes nothing to output in the short-run.

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