Published on June 2021 | ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION,NANOTECHNOLOGY AND NANOSENSORS,NANOTECHNOLOGY AND NANOBIOSENSORS,NANOREMEDIATION,
The world of sensing technology is expanding into new horizons owing to its exceptional selectivity and sensitivity-based applicability. This remarkable sensing progress has been positively influenced by the conjugation of biology, material sciences, and nanotechnology into an advanced sensing technology. The combination of biology with nanotechnology has allowed sensing technology to enable faster, cheaper, and more reliable evaluations and applications in various scientific domains. Thus, a new era in sensing has been developed into nano biosensing technology. Environmental monitoring, various processes assessment, contaminates detections, and complex environmental forensics are among the most promising applications of nanobiosensors and thus a thrust area of research. In this regard, the nanobiosensors containing non-carbon nanomaterials such as metals, metal oxides, their composites, non-metals other than carbon, and their conjugations, etc. have been flocking significant attention to remarkable potential in this thrust area of environmental science and research. Thus the present chapter highlights the role and importance of non-carbon-based nanobiosensors, their recent advancements, and the major factors that made the non-carbon-based nanobiosensors a preferential and successful choice in nano biosensing technologies. The chapter highlights the environmental applications of non-carbon-based nanobiosensors and the key future challenges associated with this technology.