Published on April 2022 | Image Processing
In this paper, a new approach for Content-Based Image Retrieval (CBIR) has been addressed by extracting colour, gray, advanced texture, and shape features for input query images. Contour-based shape feature extraction methods and image moment extraction techniques are used to extract the shape features and shape invariant features. The informative features are selected from extracted features and combined colour, gray, texture, and shape features by using PSO. The target image has been retrieved for the given query image by training the random forest classifier. The proposed colour, gray, advanced texture, shape feature, and random forest classifier with optimized PSO (CGATSFRFOPSO) provide efficient retrieval of images in a large-scale database. The main objective of this research work is to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the CBIR system by extracting the features like colour, gray, texture, and shape from database images and query images. These extracted features are processed in various levels like removing redundancy by optimal feature selection and fusion by optimal weighted linear combination. The Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm is used for selecting the informative features from gray and colour and texture features. The matching accuracy and the speed of image retrieval are improved by an ensemble of machine learning algorithms for the similarity search.