Published on January 2022 | Materials science
Fused silica ( SiO2) ceramics composites were widely used in missile applications (radomes). In the present work, the required properties (flexural strength without disturbing the dielectric properties) were attained through a novel gelcasting process by adding Silicon Nitride ( Si3N4) and Boron Nitride (BN) to the fused silica. The experiments were conducted using Response Surface Methodology (RSM) and the process parameters of gelcasting process such as solid loading, monomer ratio, monomer content and additives ( Si3N4& BN) were considered as input parameters and flexural strength, porosity and dielectric constant as response parameters. Single parameter and interaction parameter effect on responses were studied. The effectiveness of derived models was compared with Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Statistical analysis proven that input parameters have critical effect on responses. The derived RSM mathematical models have a higher R2 values (Flexural strength 98.93%, Porosity 94.89% and Dielectric constant 95.93%) which shows the critical relation between actual and predicted values. The optimal responses obtained were flexural strength 111.67 MPa, porosity 33.18% and dielectric constant 4.42 corresponding parameters process parameters solid loading 49.99%, additives Si3N4 5 wt%, BN 15 wt%, monomer content 13.87 wt% and monomer ratio 4.56.